Knowing basic fire safety guidelines, including how to put out a fire, can be literally life-saving. If you rent an apartment, it’s especially important.
Consider the risks: Fires can cause much more damage in multi-unit buildings than in single-unit homes because of the large number of people living in close proximity to one another, some of whom may or may not be at home when the fire breaks out.
That makes you one of the first lines of defense against potentially devastating fires that could devastate your property as well as that of your neighbors. (Hey, no pressure.)
Let’s dip into the basics of fire safety. Your mom would be so proud.
- When should you try to extinguish a fire?
- How to extinguish a fire
- 6 safety tips for preventing apartment fires
When should you try to extinguish a fire?
News flash: If a fire starts in your apartment, you need to react quickly. A fire can become deadly in 30 seconds, so it’s important to be prepared.
The only time you should ever try to extinguish a fire yourself is if:
- It’s contained to a very small area, such as a trash can or a frying pan on the stove
- The fire is not getting any bigger
- The room is not filled with smoke
Before a fire breaks out, you’ll want to be prepared. That means having a good idea of how you’d vacate your apartment in an emergency—an escape route—as well as working knowledge of how to use a fire extinguisher.
However, no one should attempt to put out a large fire that’s continuing to grow. Leave the apartment and call 911 to get the fire department.
How to extinguish a fire
Extinguishing a fire yourself requires you to know how to use a fire extinguisher. To do so, the United States Fire Administration recommends remembering the acronym PASS, which stands for:
- Pull: Pull the pin to release the locking mechanism and aim the fire extinguisher towards the fire.
- Aim: Aim at the base of the fire only.
- Squeeze: Squeeze the handle slowly, evenly, and carefully.
- Sweep: Sweep the nozzle from side to side.
Some important tips to remember when using a fire extinguisher:
- Always hold the fire extinguisher upright.
- Never point it towards another person.
- The fire extinguisher may not completely put out the fire. If the fire remains small, continue to spray it. However, if it spreads or grows larger, vacate the premise immediately and call the fire department at 911.
- Keep your back facing an exit so you can escape quickly if the fire can’t be controlled.
- Most importantly, if you have any doubt of how to use a fire extinguisher properly… don’t attempt it. Get out of your apartment immediately.
Can I use water to put out a fire?
In most cases, you’re going to want to use a proper fire extinguisher, not water, to put out a fire in your apartment. This is especially true if you’re dealing with a grease fire, a fire involving flammable liquids, or an electric fire. In those cases, trying to dump water on the problem would actually make it worse.
Make sure you have a reliable, working fire extinguisher in your apartment—or more than one! There are also smaller-sized extinguishers that can fit easily into the cabinet below your sink, in case of a kitchen fire.
7 safety tips for preventing apartment fires
Hopefully, you’ll never be in a situation where you’re extinguishing fires in your home. Anyone who has suffered through a fire knows that it can be traumatic, not to mention expensive. One silver lining is that renters insurance will help cover the damage to your personal property.
That’s a nice back-up plan, but a better plan is to prevent fires in the first place. Let’s take a look at what you can do.
1. Maintain smoke and fire detectors
Both are vital to early fire detection and safety. In fact, three out of every five residential fire deaths are in homes without smoke or fire alarms.
According to the Consumer Product Safety Commission, “[p]roperly installed and maintained smoke alarms are considered to be one of the best and least expensive means of providing an early warning of a potentially deadly fire and could reduce by almost half the risk of dying from a fire in your home.”
Therefore, be sure to check the batteries of both devices every two to three months to make sure they’re working properly. In many states, your landlord may be required to provide working fire and carbon monoxide alarms in your apartment.
2. Never leave the stove or oven unattended while in use
50% of home fires are kitchen fires, which is why it’s incredibly important to take precautions when cooking. If you’re making a quick stir-fry, don’t run into the other room “for just a minute,” since that’s all the time a fire would need to start spreading.
Once you are finished using burners or other kitchen appliances, make sure they are turned off and unplugged. Don’t wear large, baggy sleeves that can catch flames easily, and be extra careful when cooking with hot oil, which can lead to grease fires.
Grease fires occur when cooking oil becomes too hot. Vegetable oils have a smoke point of 450F, while animal fats have a smoke point of 375F. Never throw water on a grease fire to put it out, since that will only make the fire worse.
3. Never leave burning candles unattended
Keep burning candles in sight and keep them a safe distance away from combustible materials or flammable materials, such as blankets or clothing. Lit candles should be placed on flat, sturdy surfaces high off the ground, like on countertops, to prevent anyone from accidentally knocking them over.
If you don’t trust yourself with candles, companies like Luminara make faux-candles that mimic the real thing without the risk.
4. Be cautious with space heaters
Space heaters can easily accumulate dust, which can lead to electrical fires. If you’re using a space heater in your apartment, clean it as necessary and make sure the cord and plug are both intact. If you notice the cord has any burn marks or has melted, stop using it immediately—it’s more likely for the device to start an electrical fire.
Keep space heaters three feet away from any flammable or combustible objects while in use and never leave them on unattended or while you’re asleep.
5. Don’t smoke inside
If you smoke, it’s best to do so outside away from trees and bushes. Make sure to extinguish cigarettes completely using an ashtray. Lit cigarettes in an apartment can cause flammable materials like furniture, clothing, or other materials to catch fire very quickly. Needless to say, don’t smoke in bed, or in any situation where you might nod off holding a lit cigarette.
6. Use surge protectors
Surge protectors are used to prevent electrical outlets from being overloaded by too many devices. An abundance of electrical equipment plugged into the same outlet can cause electrical shorts or sparks, which can lead to fires.
Smaller electrical items, like lamps, can be plugged directly into the wall. However, larger appliances, such as televisions, refrigerators, and computers requiring constant electricity, should be plugged into surge protectors.
Protect your pad against fire & more
It’s vital to understand what to do if a fire occurs in your apartment, as well as tips for prevention. Additionally, purchasing renters insurance provides financial protection and a sense of security.
Not only does renters insurance cover property damage caused by both smoke and fire, it can also help cover additional living expenses in case you’re forced to evacuate your home after a fire.
Getting covered is always a safe and smart decision.